Real Estate Law: Everything You Need to Know


Real estate law encompasses a comprehensive set of regulations that govern the buying, selling, and leasing of properties. These laws cover various legal aspects related to real estate transactions, including financing, environmental concerns, and title searches. It’s important to note that real estate laws and regulations may differ from one state to another, with some states requiring a real estate license for property transactions. While real estate agents are knowledgeable in their field, there are instances when seeking the assistance of a real estate attorney becomes crucial.

Why Hire a Real Estate Lawyer?

Navigating the legal complexities of buying or selling a home can be daunting. This is where a real estate lawyer or real estate law attorney comes in. Specializing in real estate law, these professionals offer valuable guidance and support during the process. They can review contracts, conduct title searches, and ensure that all legal issues related to the transaction are addressed.

Representation and Expertise

Real estate attorneys also play a vital role in representing clients before the real estate commission or title company. Their knowledge and experience in this field make them an invaluable asset when dealing with complex legal matters. Real estate law is often covered in law school courses as it is an essential aspect of many legal practices. A reputable full-service real estate law firm should have expertise in the following areas:

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Sales and Acquisitions

Whether it’s residential or commercial property, real estate attorneys assist both buyers and sellers in acquiring and disposing of various types of real estate. This includes office buildings, retail centers, hotels, industrial properties, residential properties, and manufactured housing communities.


A critical aspect of any real estate transaction is title examination. Real estate lawyers evaluate title exceptions and negotiate title insurance policies to ensure a smooth transfer of ownership.

Land Use and Environmental

Real estate attorneys specialize in land use entitlements, conducting due diligence investigations, handling Brownfield developments, and ensuring compliance with environmental laws, as well as federal and state Endangered Species Acts.


Negotiating and preparing development and construction agreements are also part of a real estate lawyer’s expertise. These agreements are essential for the development and construction of office buildings, shopping centers, mixed-use projects, free-standing units, and industrial sites.


Real estate lawyers are well-versed in negotiating and preparing lease agreements for office, retail, and industrial spaces, as well as long-term ground leases. They ensure compliance with laws and regulations, handle dispute resolution, lease modifications and renewals, terminations and evictions, and provide advice on subleasing and assignment.


Real estate attorneys represent both lenders and borrowers in various real estate secured loan transactions. This includes permanent financings, construction loans, bridge loans, conduit loans, mezzanine loans, shared appreciation loans, and portfolios of non-performing loans.

Joint Ventures

Many real estate transactions involve joint ventures between developers and capital sources. A reliable real estate firm can structure and negotiate partnership agreements, limited liability company operating agreements, shareholder agreements, and other joint venture arrangements, while also providing valuable advice on the tax aspects of these transactions.

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Restructuring and Workouts

Not all real estate transactions go smoothly. In cases where transactions encounter problems, real estate lawyers step in to advise lenders, borrowers, partners, landlords, tenants, and developers. Restructuring and workouts often involve transactional, bankruptcy, tax, and litigation work. Some common scenarios include loan modifications, foreclosures, deeds in lieu of foreclosure, discounted loan payoffs, loan forbearances, REO sales, joint venture modifications, buy/sell agreements, forced sales, lease and development modifications, bankruptcies, receivership actions, and guarantee actions.


Real estate litigation encompasses a wide range of disputes involving real estate owners, buyers, sellers, lessors, brokers, lenders, and developers. This includes contract disputes, mechanics lien and construction disputes, eminent domain proceedings, title disputes, loan service issues, foreclosure challenges, and bankruptcy cases.


When it comes to real estate transactions, having the expertise and guidance of a reputable real estate attorney can make all the difference. With their in-depth knowledge of real estate law and experience in navigating complex legal matters, they ensure that your interests are protected throughout the process. So, whether you’re buying your dream home or investing in a commercial property, don’t underestimate the importance of consulting with a real estate lawyer. For reliable real estate law services, visit Garrity Traina.

Real Estate Attorney